Appendix C: Digital Preservation Glossary
Access: The ability, permission/right, and means to locate, display, obtain, determine availability of or make use of a digital asset, or information about that resource.
Archival Information Collection (AIC): OAIS reference model defines AICs as an Archival Information Package whose Content Information is an aggregation of other Archival Information Packages.
Archival Information Package (AIP): AIPs consist of Content Information and the associated Preservation Description Information (PDI), which is preserved within the digital preservation repository.
Authentic copies: A duplicate of a digital asset that is what it purports to be and that is free from tampering or corruption.
Authenticity: A quality of a digital asset to be judged trustworthy and genuine based on internal and external evidence.
Digital Preservation: The whole of the activities and processes involved in the physical and intellectual protection and technical stabilization of digital asset through time in order to reproduce authentic copies of these resources.
Digital Resource/Asset: Encoding of intellectual or cultural context in digital form.
Dissemination Information Package (DIP): DIPs are derived from one or more AIPs and received by the consumer in response to a request to the digital preservation repository.
Open Archival Information System (OAIS) Reference Model: A conceptual framework for an archival system dedicated to preserving and maintaining access to digital information over the long term. Within the OAIS model, three types of information packages are identified: the Submission Information Package (SIP), the Archival Information Package (AIP), and the Dissemination Information Package (DIP).
Provenance: The source and ownership history of an asset.
Submission Information Package (SIP): SIPs are delivered by the producer to the digital preservation repository for use in the construction of one or more AIPs.
Trustworthy: Being able to provide reliable, long-term access to managed digital resources to a designated community, now and in the future. Signs of trustworthiness include organizational, administrative, technical, and financial viability along with system security. This term is rooted in the concept of the Trusted Digital Repository.
“Trusted Digital Repositories: Attributes and Responsibilities”